How a 111-Year-Old University Is Stepping Into the Future

UP Diliman is getting a facelift. What's in store for its iconic buildings?

(SPOT.ph) Buildings have always defined the campus of the University of the Philippines in Diliman, Quezon City; that, and the trees and wide-open spaces, or a combination of all three elements.

For many students and alumni, there is that feeling of coming home when you pass through University Avenue and approach the Oblation and see Quezon Hall, with its colonnaded façade that is grand, yet graceful and light at the same time. And there is that sense of calm one gets while walking beneath the trees lining Roxas Avenue and seeing the Sunken Garden.

But a new University of the Philippines (UP) is emerging, with buildings popping up on adjacent streets and in between the acacias. There is the new College of Fine Arts, with its open floor plan and galleries; the new College of Home Economics and Family Life and Child Development Center complete with  a swimming pool. One must not miss and the Tourism Heritage Building that looks more like a hotel than an institution. And of course, we have to mention the shockingly fresh Palma Hall restrooms.

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The new College of Fine Arts building opened last year, right next to the existing Bartlett Hall, to accommodate the UPCFA’s increasing number of students. The design and build was with in coordination with Accuracy Builders.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
UPCFA’s new, minimalist building boasts a double-volume ceiling, an Art and Design Hall, and various galleries for rotating exhibits.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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We caught up with Dr. Raquel Florendo, Vice Chancellor for Planning and Development at UP Diliman, to shed more light on what seems to be a building blitz of new projects on campus.

“President Danilo Concepcion, together with [Chancellor] Dr. Michael Tan, really looked into the aspects that the University needed in terms of the infrastructure support,” Florendo explains. “And with the ranking of UP Diliman being constantly elevated, they felt that there was a need to focus on improving the existing structures inside UP, and also to create new structures that will support academic programs.”

The new College of Home Economics opened last year right next to existing Alonzo Hall. Aside from the brand new, air-conditioned classrooms, it has its own museum on the fourth floor.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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Part of the College of Home Economics complex is the Family Life and Child Development Center (FLCD) which also has two swimming pools.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman

There were some infrastructure and renovation projects that were already in place from the past presidency with Alfredo Pascual, but these were continued, and new ones proposed and implemented under the Office of the Campus Architect with its director Dr. Mark Anthony Morales and his design team.

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The newly completed UP Tourism Heritage Complex of the Asian Institute of Tourism.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman

Improving on the Old, Innovating With the New

The most obvious renovations on campus are those of the iconic buildings—many of them by National Artists and other noteworthy architects like Juan Nakpil and Cesar Concio—that remain close to many UP Diliman students’ hearts, such as Palma Hall, Vinzon’s, and Gonzales Hall (Main Library), with the latter two undergoing the most extensive renovations or structural reassessments.

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One of the major rehabilitation projects on campus is the restoration of Gonzalez Hall, the Main Library. The pathway fronting its façade was cleared and expanded into a proper paved landscaped walkway.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
Gonzalez Hall was designed by National Artist for Architecture Juan Nakpil in the 1950s. Part of the restoration is to fix its structural issues, as well as upgrade the interiors of the library, which is being handled by interior and furniture designer Eric Paras.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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“Some of the iconic structures have begun to show signs of deterioration and ageing, and of course, circumstances that happened wherein we lost of some of the iconic structures,” says Florendo, referring to the original Faculty Center that burned down in 2016. 

To replace the former Faculty Center, which burned down in 2016, is the new Faculty Commons. It is currently being built in coordination with Mohri & PA Associates. Napoleon Abueva’s Siyam na Diwata ng Sining sculpture can be seen in front of the nine-storey building.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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A new Faculty Center is now being built near the site of the old one, this time as a nine-storey building that also doubles as a convention center along with the offices, and Vinzons Hall is currently being upgraded into the Student Commons with a brand-new wing attached to its mid-century modern façade.

The mid-century façade of the more than 60-year-old Vinzons Hall will be maintained in its renovation. “Vinzons has both an iconic core and a façade, and a new wing that will house the Student Commons,” says Vice Chancellor Florendo.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman

The Challenges of Maintaining Decades-Old Buildings

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It is difficult to maintain a newly constructed building over a couple of years, but we could only imagine the responsibility of keeping all the campus buildings, from the late 1940s to recent years, in good shape. 

Architect Tom Baquilod and interior designer Eleanor Torres are in charge of the Palma Hall renovation, and one of the first (and most popular) areas that they worked on were the bathrooms. The glass block partitions are what remain of the original mid-century bathrooms.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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“What’s going on now is that the deterioration of the iconic buildings is happening right along with the construction of new infrastructure,” Florendo reveals. “So, we are doing two things: we are saving the iconics, and that includes all of the dorms; upgrading facilities, like the bathrooms, et cetera. And then next, future-proofing the new buildings in terms of cost-effectiveness and maintenance, because those buildings have to be there for the next 20 or more years.”

Keeping the Campus Walkable

UP Diliman is undeniably one of the few remaining walkable areas in Metro Manila with its shaded pathways, the proximity of the buildings, and the closure of the academic oval to vehicular traffic on Sundays. In spite of this, there has been an increase in the number of vehicles traversing through and within the campus, and a clamor for more parking spaces has been raised.

OCA’s answer was to improve the existing parking spaces, but not add more parking areas within the main areas of the campus to keep a low carbon footprint and encourage people to walk—or bike, jog, or scooter.

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A render of the seven-storey Student Union Building. It will rise behind Vinzons Hall, fronting Katipunan Avenue. This new building will contain a bookstore (like what was located there before), shops, restaurants, student offices, and a mess hall.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman

“A key input that emerged during meetings among UP stakeholders is that we should not prioritize creation of more parking spaces inside the campus, especially multi-storey parking facilities, since this will further promote a culture of automobile dependency inside campus; an idea that is not aligned with UP's preferred strategy of improving our open space and green infrastructure connection systems,” Morales explains. “However, repair of existing parking areas will be made to ensure the safety and convenience of students, faculty, staff, and visitors.”

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“Right now, we are considering [the] idea of creating more parking spaces in an area adjacent to UP gym (along Commonwealth Avenue, near the MRT-7 station), subject to approval of UP president,” Morales adds. “This is in light of the likelihood that the UP gym will become a highly sought-after venue for sports events, with lots of visitors once the renovation is complete.”

Another familiar aspect of UP Diliman is its abundance of trees; and it is unthinkable (also, rather criminal) to imagine the campus without its lush canopy. To help maintain this part of the “green lung” of Quezon City even with the rise of new buildings, the teams at OCA have carefully planned all of their projects around it.

A Haven for Psychosocial Awareness and Mental Health

One of the smaller but important projects of OCA is the PsycServ satellite office, which would be initially located at one wing of the Sampaguita Dormitory, with another office opening at Vinzon’s Hall. PsycServ was established by Dr. Violeta Bautista with chancellor Michael Tan under the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy a couple of years ago to give free counseling and psychosocial support to the students.

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The Psycserv satellite office will be opening in one wing of the Sampaguita dormitory. As seen in the render, the office will have meeting rooms and counseling rooms where students can get free psychosocial support from psychologists, Psych faculty, and volunteers from CSSP.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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“This task force caters to the psychosocial needs of the university, and we found out that waiting time now for a consultation is two to three months, so talagang kailangan na nila ng venue immediately,” says interior designer Eleanor Torres, who is handling the project. “This is a satellite design for PsycServ. Right now, we worked around the existing conditions, but we made up for that with the colors.” The design of the center features simple and modern lines, with muted tones of light pink, peach, and beige to give the interiors a soothing feel.

Maintaining Memory of Place

But with the new buildings now in place, the newer ones being constructed, with much more in the burner, and the old iconic halls all in one place, how would the campus keep that distinctive, or should we say—nostalgic—UP Diliman “feel”?

“That is a concern that is now being addressed and put on the table, with the master development plan mapping. Kasi, aminado naman kami na ‘yong ibang buildings ay parang hindi nag-uusap,” Florendo says with a smile.

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One solution that is currently being applied is the strict maintenance of the facades of all the iconic buildings from 50-plus years ago, with any extensions or new wings restricted to the rear. Morales says that another way is to look for key design aspirations seen in the older buildings in UP Diliman. “We need to go back to the roots of what the identity of UP Diliman really is. So, two styles emerged: The Neoclassical with its romantic ornamentation, seen at Malcolm and Benitez Halls, and the Modernist, seen at Palma and Melchor Halls.”

The Community Affairs building, designed by OCA in coordination with architect Jeff Isidro, is a hybrid of two design movements associated with early UP structures. Dr. Morales hopes that this would be replicable template for future buildings.
PHOTO Courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman
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After conducting research on the design identity of UP Diliman back in 2010, Morales came up with a hybrid style of the two design movements that was initially applied to the design of the Community Affairs building. “This is not necessarily cosmetic only in interpretation; it is more on capturing and celebrating the underlying meanings manifested in key physical forms inside campus,” he continues. “By anchoring our design to the key ideals set in our original structures, we move a step closer in establishing character coherence in UP’s built environment.”

Moving Into the Next 20 Years and Beyond

Vice Chancellor Florendo admits that the overall improvement of the campus will take time, but it would be a sure and steady process. “Imagine, from 1948 onwards, you can see the enormity of what has been built within the campus,” she says. “For a time, the design was sort of free-for-all. So now, with the newer buildings, there is already a conscious effort to really look at each one’s priorities with regards to the design parameters.”

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For now, all approved renovations and improvements will continue. Some buildings may change, but as with all the good places that are ingrained in our memories, this campus will always remain familiar, but will also feel new.

Photos courtesy of the Office of the Campus Architect, UP Diliman. Main image from Patrickroque01/Wikimedia.

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